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How to pass your motorcycle test

With Roadskill Training Centre

 

 

You can watch the RSA video's about the motorcycle test HERE

 

 

REPRESENTATIVE MOTORCYCLES FOR TEST

 

(CATEGORY AM)

Two-wheeled mechanically propelled vehicle, not capable of being manually propelled. The machine must have a cylinder capacity not exceeding 50 cm3, in the case of an internal combustion engine, or a maximum continuous rated power of no more than 4 kilowatts in the case of an electric motor. The vehicle must have a design speed of at least 25 km/h but not more than 45 km/h.

 

(CATEGORY A1)

A Category A1 motorcycle without sidecar, with a cylinder capacity of at least 115 cm3 and not exceeding 125 cm3, and capable of a speed of at least 90 km/h, with an engine power not exceeding 11kW and with a power/weight ratio not exceeding 0.1kW/kg. If the motorcycle is powered by an electric motor, the power to weight ratio of the vehicle shall be at least 0.08 kW/kg.

 

(CATEGORY A2)

A Category A2 motorcycle without sidecar, with a cylinder capacity of at least 395cm3, and an engine power of at least 20 kW, but not exceeding 35 kW and with a power/weight ratio not exceeding 0.2kW/kg., and not derived from a vehicle of more than double its power. If the motorcycle is powered by an electric motor, the power to weight ratio of the vehicle shall be at least 0.15 kW/kg.

 

(CATEGORY A)

A Category A motorcycle without sidecar, with a cylinder capacity of at least 595cm3

, an unladen mass of more than 175kg., and an engine power of at least 50kW. If the 

motorcycle is powered by an electric motor, the power to weight ratio of the vehicle shall be at least 0.25kW/kg.

WHAT YOU WILL NEED TO TAKE WITH YOU

Your Learner Permit

Your Motorcycle Log Book

Restriction Certificate (If for Category A2)

Your IBT Certificate may be asked for

WHAT YOUR EXAMINER IS LOOKING FOR? 

Your machine is roadworthy

Your learner permit is

(a) in date (b) correct category

Your tax disc is displayed on your bike 

 

WHAT TO DO

Wear fluorescent / reflective vest (Yellow) with Learner Plates Front and rear

Wear protective clothing (gloves, jacket and boots) 

Fasten strap on helmet 

Have a clean bike/ clear visor 

Arrive 10 - 15 minutes early 

Switch off your mobile phone 

Smile and be confident and positive

 

YOU’RE EXAMINER

Will need you to sign a declaration (this states that the bike is roadworthy and insured) 

Will need to check your learner permit 

Will ask you questions on the Rules of the Road including identifying road signs. 

Will get you to demonstrate your hand signals 

Will check your brake light, indicators and lights front and rear are all working, the tax disc is 

in date and is properly displayed on the bike not concealing the number plate. 

Will ask you several questions on regular mechanical/safety checks to be made to your 

motorcycle. 

 

THESE INCLUDE 

Weekly checks; oil level (how to check it). Tyres wear (1mm minimum legal tread depth), damage 

and pressures. Chain (Too tight it could break and too loose it could come off). May want you to explain how you 

tighten the chain. Brake pad wear 1mm minimum. And your daily checks are lights (working 

with clean lenses and no cracks) brake fluid level is full by squeezing the lever to ensure it’s

not spongy. The engine kill switches purpose is for emergency use to stop the engine in case of 

a fall should your examiner ask.

REMEMBER! not all motorcycles are checked in the same way so you may need to refer to your handbook for the bike to find out specific ways of checking oil, tyre pressures, chain slack ect.

 

YOU’RE EXAMINER

Will equip you with a radio and earpiece and give you instructions on its usage.

Follow you in a car or on a motorcycle and give you directions over the radio. 

Will ask you to pull in and perform a U-turn with both feet up. But! If the motorcycle you’re

riding, the width of the road and weather conditions don’t allow this then dropping your foot 

towards the end or backing the bike up in order to complete the turn is totally acceptable. 

Will want you to ride slowly at about walking pace whilst he drives behind you or walks 

beside you. 

Will want you to push your motorcycle forwards (and maybe backwards) approx 5 metres. 

Test duration will be approximately 40 minutes to 1 hour long from beginning to end. 

For test centres that have a compound available these manoeuvres may be performed there instead of the public road.

 

WHERE YOU MIGHT FAIL! 

Your examiner will be marking your performance throughout the test.

There are three categories of mistakes. 

Grade 1 (minor mistakes which have no effect on the overall test result). 

Grade 2 (medium mistake) which your allowed to make up to 8 overall OR up to 5 under one 

heading (see below) OR up to 3 for one single aspect of your riding. 

Grade 3 (serious mistake) 1 of these will result in automatic failure. 

 

1. LACK OF REAR OBSERVATION 

Shoulder checks (safety glance) must be done before each turn (left shoulder going left, right 

shoulder going right) or before any lane changes or significant position change on the road. 

Regular mirror checks whilst riding (move your head slightly to prove this!). 

Regular mirror checks even when stopped and waiting on the road. 

 

2. ROAD POSITIONING 

Ride in the centre of your lane at all times, when necessary change position, and then return to 

the centre of your lane.

Correct positioning at junctions on the approach and arrival at.

Do not ride too close to parked vehicles (keep a doors width away if possible if not reduce 

speed). 

 

3. INADEQUATE SIGNALLING 

Not signalling correctly, lack of, overusing or forgetting to cancel signals (which can result in a 

Grade 3 fault!). 

It is not always necessary to use a signal to move past parked vehicles in town. Assess the situation and see if a signal would be of benefit to anyone else. If you stop behind a parked vehicle to allow oncoming traffic through then a signal is required to let others know you are waiting to move out and not parked. Misleading signals are also a cause for faults during the test.

 

4. LACK OF PROGRESS 

Going to slow, if it’s safe to ride at 50kph then do so. Watch for any changes in the 

speed limit throughout the test and adjust your speed to those limits if it’s safe to do so. 

Breaking the speed limit by more than 10kph will result in a Grade 3. 

Being over cautious at junctions especially when turning right. 

 

5. NOT OBEYING ROAD SIGNS / MARKINGS / TRAFFIC LIGHTS 

Not stopping where there is stop sign or solid white line across the road or at a red light will 

result in a Grade 3. Entering chevrons (diagonal white stripes), crossing over a continuous 

white line or stopping in a box junction. 

 

6. REACTION TO HAZARDS

A hazard is something you will either have to change your position or speed for or both. 

How soon you react to parked vehicles, pedestrians, buses stopping or stopped, emerging 

vehicles, potholes etc.

 

ALWAYS

O – Observation – Check the position of following traffic using your mirrors or by looking over your shoulder when it’s safe to do so.
S – Signal – If necessary, signal your intention to change course or speed. Signal clearly and in good time.
M – Manoeuvre – Carry out the manoeuvre – i.e. the change in speed and/or direction – if it’s safe to do so.

The manoeuvre has three parts

P – Position – Get into the correct position in good time. This helps other road users to see what you intend to do.
S – Speed – Slow down as you approach a hazard. Never leave it too late.
L – Look – Keep looking to assess all possible dangers. You need to know the traffic situation behind as well as in front.

 

TIPS. 

Always hold front brake getting on off your bike. Hold/press rear brake when stopped so that 

brake light shows. 

Thank other road users who give you the right of way (nod of the head). 

 

EMERGENCY REDUCTION OF SPEED

This exercise is done whilst travelling at roughly 55kph (in a 60kph zone) your examiner will instruct 

you over the radio to brake down to about 25kph.

This will be done using both front and back brake and without skidding.

Once the braking is completed change down to a lower gear, 

check both mirrors and your examiner will then tell you to ‘’move on’ accelerate immediately 

but gently back up to 60kph if it’s safe to do so. 

This exercise is NOT an emergency stop. You are displaying to your examiner your ability to 

use your brakes if a situation arose where a hazard would cause a 30kph reduction of 

speed

 

 

2. STATIONARY VEHICLE OVERTAKE EXERCISE.

Whilst riding in a 60kph zone you will then be asked by your examiner to ‘pull into the left 

and stop’. Your examiner will then drive his vehicle around you and pull in further up the road 

(about 150 metres away). He may then instruct you to ride towards him 

and then move out of the way of his vehicle. As you ride towards him in the middle of your lane 

you will accelerate up to 55kph then check your right mirror, shoulder check, indicate and then 

move out leaving more than a car doors width of clearance on the overtake. 

You will then be instructed to ‘pull in and stop and wait’. He will then return to his vehicle and 

when he is ready he will then instruct you to ‘move off’. 

This exercise is NOT a sudden swerve. You are displaying to your examiner your ability to 

adjust your position on the road safely should a hazard happen to alter it. 

Important message please read.

Under no circumstance should these exercises be practised where they could interfere 

with any other road users. It is therefore very important before carrying out practice 

exercises to be aware of what is happening behind you and that you are in a 60kph speed 

zone. These exercises can be done in everyday traffic situations such as moving out 

around a parked vehicle/obstruction or slowing on the approach to traffic lights or 

junctions where no other road users are driving directly behind you. Please be aware of 

the potential risk of an accident occurring whilst braking unpredictably and 

unexpectedly on a public road. 

CHECK YOUR MIRRORS CAREFULLY BEFORE PRACTISING ANY BRAKING EXERCISE.

 

QUESTIONS 

It is important to know your road signs from the Rules of the Road Page 209 to 223 or read HERE

 

Question

When can you overtake on the left/ inside?

Answer

(a) When the vehicle in front is turning right 

(b) when the lane on the right is moving slower. 

(c) When turning left and you have indicated to do so.

 

Question

When would you dip your lights from high beam? 

Answer

(a) Oncoming traffic (b) following behind traffic (c) when riding in an area with street lighting 

(d) When approaching cyclists and pedestrians (e) in foggy or snowy conditions.

 

Question

How would you react to being dazzled by the high beam of oncoming traffic? 

Answer

Slow down and look to the verge

 

Question

Box junctions; how would you treat them? 

Answer

Only enter if your exit is clear and you can only stop and wait in one when turning right.

 

Question

When can you use a bus lane? 

Answer

Outside the hours displayed on the time plate.

 

Question

A continuous white line in the centre of the road; what does it mean? 

Answer

You cannot cross over it unless in an emergency or to avoid an obstruction and to make a right 

turn.

 

Question

When can you use a hard shoulder? 

Answer

If you breakdown or in an emergency

 

Question

Motorways; what is not allowed to use them? 

Answers

(a) Learner drivers (b) vehicles under 50cc (c) vehicles less than 50kph (d) pedestrians (e) 

cyclists (f) animals (g) Invalid carriages (disabled wheelchairs)

 

Question

Traffic lights ;(a) green (b) amber (c) flashing amber; their meanings?

Answers

(a) Proceed if it’s safe to do so (b) stop if it’s safe to do so (c) give way to traffic or pedestrians.

 

Question

Zebra crossing; how would you know you’re approaching one (road markings and 

features)? 

Answers

(a) Flashing amber lights on black & white poles (b) zigzag white lines (no parking or 

overtaking) (c) painted black and whites stripes.

 

Question

What is the speed limit for (a) motorway (b) national route (c) on a regional road (R road) 

(d) built up area? 

Answers

(a) 120kph (b) 100kph (c) 80kph (d) 50kph unless otherwise indicated.

 

Question

What would wet weather normally do to your braking distances? 

Answer

It would double the distance.

 

Question

What brake would you apply first? 

Answer

Front first then rear.

 

Question

Which has the most stopping power on your bike? 

Answer

The front brake.

 

Question

Which brake would you rely on more in wet or slippery conditions?

Answer

The back brake.

 

Question

What types of road surfaces could cause you to skid or slide? 

Answers

Road paint, manhole covers, metal plates, Railway lines, tar banding, cobblestones and leaves 

are all slippery especially when wet. Also loose gravel, mud, diesel, oil deposits, road kills, 

potholes, cat’s eyes, icy and snowy conditions should also be avoided.

 

Question

Shoulder checks; when or where should they be considered? 

Answers

Moving off from a parked position, pulling into park, before doing a U-turn, before turning 

either left or right, before changing lanes, before overtaking a moving or stopped vehicle/ 

obstruction, before merging onto a dual carriageway or motorway from a slip road, before 

leaving a roundabout, dual carriageway or motorway.

 

Question

How would you go about turning right / left at a junction? 

Answer

Check mirrors then indicate then change position to centre / left of junction then stop check left 

then right when it is safe to move off do a safety glance to your blind side then turn.

 

Question

Who would have the right of way on a crossroads of equal importance? 

Answer

Traffic from your right.

 

Question

Whose responsibility is it to ensure the pillions helmet is fastened? 

Answer

The rider’s responsibility.

 

 

 

Getting Ready For Your Motorcycle Test
 
What To Expect During Your Motorcycle Test